Pest Control Services in London

314 Romford Road
London E7 8BE
e-mail: contact@mightypestcontrol.co.uk
call us:
0207 112 8473
0791 264 5193
Bed Bug Control

Bed bugs

Pest Control Bed bugs

Bed bugs are the original vampires. Bed bugs will suck on the blood of any living being, be it humans, dogs, cats, birds, mice, guinea pigs, or hamsters.
Bed bugs can eat up to seven times their own weight in blood, but they can easily go without feeding for up to 15 months.
Although itchy and nasty-looking, a bed bug bite is painless (components in their saliva act as an anesthetic), and people often go without noticing/reacting for weeks.
Bed bugs are masters at hiding. During daytime, they stay out of sight by hiding inside appliances, in cracks and crevices, behind baseboards, or in picture frames. They only come out at night, when the carbon dioxide we exhale during sleep notifies them it’s safe to get out.

Appearance

Adult Bed bugs resemble a small brown disc, measuring up to 6mm in length. It is wingless but the legs are well developed and it can crawl up most vertical surfaces. Their elongated eggs are cemented in cracks or crevices close to the hosts (which for Bed bugs are humans). The early stages of the Bed bug (nymphs) are tiny making them hard to detect with the naked eye.

Diet, Behaviour & Habitats

Female bed bugs lay 1-12 eggs per day (an average of 5/day) and up to 500 during their lifetimes. The eggs, covered in a sticky, glue-like material, are deposited on wood and paper surfaces or inside cracks and crevices, where they will hatch in about 10-17 days at room temperature. In order to molt, the newly-born nymphs will require a blood meal immediately – after five molts, they reach maturity, but the nymphal period can be significantly prolonged in the absence of food.

Both nymphs and adults are nocturnal feeders, hiding in dark crevices during the day, although it is not uncommon for hungry bugs to take a blood meal every time hosts are nearby. They locate hosts by making use of heat and carbon dioxide sensors and can tell which are human through smell receptors located on their antennae and mouthparts. After piercing the host’s skin with their sharp beaks, bed bugs inject an anticoagulant fluid that allows them to draw blood. Nymphs finish eating within 3 minutes, while adults may take from 10 to 15 minutes to become engorged with blood. After feeding, they will search for a place to hide where they will deposit fecal spots (digested blood). Bed bugs can survive a maximum of 400 days without food, depending on the temperature and humidity of the environment, and will produce several generations per year.

Common Hiding Places

Common hiding places include:

  • Mattress seams
  • Beneath covers
  • In crevices in the bedstead
  • In joints of bed frames
  • Inside upholstery
  • Behind baseboards
  • In wood joints of box springs
  • Inside window and door frames
  • In floor cracks
  • Under loosened wallpaper
  • In drapery pleats
  • In ceiling moldings
  • Inside furniture and appliances
  • Any objects made of wood, paper, and fabric

Sometimes, people can pick up bed bugs from theaters, buses, trains, hospitals, schools, and hotel rooms, and then bring them into their homes on clothing, furniture, or luggage.

Tell-tale signs of infestation include:

  • Blood stains from dead bugs
  • Dark spots of excrements on bedding, mattresses, clothing, walls
  • Eggshells and shed skins located nearby their hiding/feeding places
  • A musty odor coming from their olfactory glands

Why Control Bed Bugs?

Bed bug bites cause red, irritating marks/ lumps. Not everyone reacts to the bits, however some people develop a more severe skin reaction and can experience disturbed sleep. Bed bugs are not known to spread diseases. However, they can cause irritation and distress. Bed bugs can also ruin an organisation's reputation. If clients and customers experience a Bed bug infestation in the premises you manage, they are likely to complain and request a refund, report on your company negatively and be unlikely to want to do business with you again.

Management & Control

  • Although there is little evidence that bed bugs can transmit diseases to humans, there are several health effects that people may experience from bed bug infestations:
  • Young children and elderly living in heavily-infested places may develop anemia
  • Allergens present in bed bug environments may worsen asthma symptoms in sufferers
  • Since they are wrongfully linked to poverty and filth, bed bug infestations may have a significant psychological impact on people
  • Bed bugs can be transmitted from one person to another, and persons who already have them in their homes may feel isolated from friends and family
  • Infestations may have a considerable financial impact, since treating a residence for bed bugs often involves the disposal of infested furnishings, clothes, etc.
  • Some people may expose themselves and their families to great risk by trying to eliminate an infestation with dangerous substances
  • Inspection. Recent studies indicate that the largest percentage of bed bugs live near or inside the bed, so a thorough inspection is necessary before any treatments are applied. Efforts should be focused on the mattress, box spring, headboard, and bed frame; also remember to inspect all the seams of the mattress and pleats of linens. Since bed bugs can crawl inside tiny cracks and crevices to digest their meals, make sure to look inside window and door frames, in electrical boxes, and in cracks in plaster. Don’t forget to examine furniture, clothing, wall hangings, paintings, curtain pleats, and behind loose wallpaper.

Prevention

  • Here are some tips to help you prevent future infestations:
  • Don’t bring home uninspected second-hand furniture, mattresses, clothes, electronics, and appliances, no matter how good it looks
  • When returning home from vacation, always inspect your luggage to make sure bed bugs from the hotel room haven’t attached themselves to it
  • Wash and dry bed sheets, linens, pillow cases, blankets, and clothes at high temperatures to kill all bugs
  • Organize your personal belongings to reduce the amount of clutter that often provides an ideal hiding place for pests
  • At the laundromat, do not set your laundry basket directly on the floor or near the trash cans; also, inspect chairs and folding tables before using them
  • Use a mattress encasing to protect your mattress and box springs; make sure to tape up any holes or tears in the fabric or plastic covering

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